- By David M. Kinchen
On Jan. 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany, a title still in use 80 years later. ( http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/adolf-hitler-is-named-chancellor-of-germany)
His appointment by Paul von Hindenburg was probably the worst single event in the last 100 years, because it led to World War II and the Holocaust, with an estimated 100 million deaths. Nobody knows for sure how many people lost their lives as a result of Hindenburg’s appointment of an obscure Austrian-born WWI veteran, born April 20, 1889.
My point in remarking on this date is that I never want to hear comparisons with Hitler ever again. With the possible exception of Joseph Stalin, no single person is directly responsible for more human suffering. I don’t want to see cartoons from British Israel and Jew haters equating Israel with Hitler’s Germany — especially since Arabs have killed far more Arabs than all the deaths of Arabs and Muslims at the hands of the Israelis. And the killing continues in Syria and elsewhere.
From the History Channel entry:On this day in 1933, President Paul von Hindenburg names Adolf Hitler, leader or fÜhrerof the National Socialist German Workers Party (or Nazi Party), as chancellor of Germany.
The year 1932 had seen Hitler’s meteoric rise to prominence in Germany, spurred largely by the German people’s frustration with dismal economic conditions and the still-festering wounds inflicted by defeat in the Great War and the harsh peace terms of the Versailles treaty. A charismatic speaker, Hitler channeled popular discontent with the post-war Weimar government into support for his fledgling Nazi party. In an election held in July 1932, the Nazis won 230 governmental seats; together with the Communists, the next largest party, they made up over half of the Reichstag.
Hindenburg, intimidated by Hitler’s growing popularity and the thuggish nature of his cadre of supporters, the SA (or Brownshirts), initially refused to make him chancellor. Instead, he appointed General Kurt von Schleicher, who attempted to steal Hitler’s thunder by negotiating with a dissident Nazi faction led by Gregor Strasser. At the next round of elections in November, the Nazis lost ground—but the Communists gained it, a paradoxical effect of Schleicher’s efforts that made right-wing forces in Germany even more determined to get Hitler into power. In a series of complicated negotiations, ex-Chancellor Franz von Papen, backed by prominent German businessmen and the conservative German National People’s Party (DNVP), convinced Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as chancellor, with the understanding that von Papen as vice-chancellor and other non-Nazis in key government positions would contain and temper Hitler’s more brutal tendencies.
Hitler’s emergence as chancellor on January 30, 1933, marked a crucial turning point for Germany and, ultimately, for the world. His plan, embraced by much of the German population, was to do away with politics and make Germany a powerful, unified one-party state. He began immediately, ordering a rapid expansion of the state police, the Gestapo, and putting Hermann Goering in charge of a new security force, composed entirely of Nazis and dedicated to stamping out whatever opposition to his party might arise. From that moment on, Nazi Germany was off and running, and there was little Hindenburg or von Papen—or anyone—could do to stop it.